The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation (popularly known as the Constitution Annotated) contains legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based primarily on Supreme Court case law. This regularly updated resource is especially useful when researching the constitutional implications of a specific issue or topic. It includes a chapter on the 19th Amendment.
This exhibit tells the story of the seventy-two-year campaign for women’s suffrage. Drawing from the personal collections of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucy Stone, Mary Church Terrell, Carrie Chapman Catt, Harriet Stanton Blatch and others, along with the records of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and National Woman’s Party, the exhibition explores women’s long struggle for equality.
These images were selected to meet requests regularly received by the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. They include portraits of women who campaigned for women's rights, particularly voting rights, and suffrage campaign scenes, cartoons, and ephemera. An accompanying women's suffrage timeline features many of the images.
Search the Library's collections of prints and photographs to find additional images related to women's suffrage and the 19th Amendment.
Designed as a first stop for Library of Congress researchers working in the field of American women's history, this site contains an expanded and fully searchable version of an award-winning research guide redesigned for online use, with added illustrations and links to existing and newly digitized material located throughout the Library of Congress Web site. Search this research guide to find information about the Library's collections related to women's suffrage, as well as links to digitized materials.
The General Collections of the Library of Congress constitute most of the books and bound periodicals published since 1800. Part of the American Women series, this research guide highlights primary and secondary sources about American women's history.
Part of the American Women series, this essay tells the story of the parade, including the mistreatment of marchers by rowdy crowds and inept police, the contested participation of African American women, and the parade's impact on the larger suffrage movement.
Presented in this guide are collection materials found in the Library's Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division that explore the Women's Suffrage movement and offer an exciting glimpse into the struggle for the vote.
The Student Discovery Sets bring together historical artifacts and one-of-a-kind documents on a wide range of topics, including women's suffrage. Interactive tools let students zoom in, draw to highlight details, and conduct open-ended primary source analysis. Full teaching resources are available for each set.
Political and social reformer Lucretia Coffin Mott was born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts to a Quaker family. In 1848, Mott, Stanton, and three other women launched the woman’s rights movement in the United States by calling the Seneca Falls Convention. Following the Civil War and the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, Mott joined the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), formed in 1869.
On November 12, 1815, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, spokesperson for the rights of women, was born in Johnstown, New York. Stanton formulated the philosophical basis of the woman suffrage movement, blazing a trail many feared to follow.
On December 10, 1869, John Campbell, governor of the Wyoming Territory, approved the first law in U.S. history explicitly granting women the right to vote. Commemorated in later years as Wyoming Day, the event was one of many firsts for women achieved in the Equality State.
With this simple question, Carrie S. Burnham began her argument, made before the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania on April 3 and April 4, 1873, for her right to vote. “It is not simply,” Burnham reasoned, “whether I shall be protected in the exercise of my inalienable right and duty of self-government, but whether a government, the mere agent of the people, …can deny to any portion of its intelligent, adult citizens participation therein and still hold them amenable to its laws…”
Ten suffragists were arrested on August 28, 1917, as they picketed the White House. The protesters were there in an effort to pressure President Woodrow Wilson to support the proposed “Anthony amendment” to the Constitution that would guarantee women the right to vote.
On June 4, 1919, Congress, by joint resolution, approved the woman’s suffrage amendment and sent it to the states for ratification. The House of Representatives had voted 304-89 and the Senate 56-25 in favor of the amendment.
In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Law Librarian of Congress Jane Sanchez interviews American Bar Association President Judy Perry Martinez on the impact of the fight for women's voting rights. The curator for "Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote," Janice Ruth, gave a tour of the exhibition's highlights.
The Library exhibition "Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote" tells the story of the largest reform movement in American history with documents, photographs and scrapbooks from a diverse group of women who changed political history 100 years ago. Many suffragists donated their personal collections to the national library so that their stories would be remembered. The exhibition is part of the national commemoration of the centennial of the 19th Amendment in 2019 and 2020. Manuscript Division Chief Janice Ruth and historian Elizabeth Novara describe the creation of the exhibition and highlight online primary sources related to that topic. Novara also demonstrates "By the People," a crowdsourced transcription project, to encourage teachers to use with their students.