This page provides additional resources for teaching with ethnographic materials. For example, this "Conversation Guide" is designed to facilitate student engagement with primary source material from the AFC's online Chicago Ethnic Arts Project Collection and California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties Collection.
Below, you will find a set of tools created by the Library to guide student engagement with primary source materials, in addition to information on how to cite AFC resources in research projects and other publications.
The following guides were created by the Library's Teaching with Primary Sources program for K-12 teachers. They provide useful prompts for helping students to examine and analyze a range of primary source materials, such as sound recordings and oral histories. As such, they are applicable to the collections at the AFC, and beneficial for students at the undergraduate level, as well.
Our online presentations include example citations (credit lines) for the collections.
See the example "credit line" below for the Chicago Ethnic Arts Project collection.
Chicago Ethnic Arts Project collection (AFC 1981/004), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
Individual items will have more specific examples, which can be seen in the "CITE THIS ITEM" tab at the bottom of the page; note that the citations are automatically generated from bibliographic data as a convenience. As such, they may be incomplete or inaccurate. Below, see sample citations that have been automatically generated (according to three different manuals of style) for individual items within the Chicago Ethnic Arts collection.
George, Philip B., and Esperanza Sernas. Interview with Esperanza Sernas, Chicago, Illinois, part 2. Chicago, Illinois, 1977. Audio. http://www.loc.gov/item/afc1981004_afs20748_02/.
George, P. B. & Sernas, E. (1977) Interview with Esperanza Sernas, Chicago, Illinois, part 2. Chicago, Illinois. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/item/afc1981004_afs20748_02/.
George, Philip B., and Esperanza Sernas. Interview with Esperanza Sernas, Chicago, Illinois, part 2. Chicago, Illinois,1977. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/item/afc1981004_004_afs20748_02/
Our catalog records also offer examples of citations, seen here under "Cite As." Below, see the citation for the entire Chicago Ethnic Arts collection, as listed in the accompanying catalog record.
Chicago Ethnic Arts Project collection (AFC 1981 /004) Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
The links in the table below will direct you to additional information about two different styles of citations: The Chicago Manual of Style and the Modern Language Association Style.