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Argentina: Hispanic Reading Room Country Guide

This guide provides curated Library of Congress resources for researching Argentina, including digitized primary source materials in a wide variety of formats, books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching.


Gauchos, Argentina. [between 1890 and 1923] Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Argentina. Curated by librarians in the Hispanic Reading Room, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Reading Room is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on Argentina from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.

Argentina: Quick Facts

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Argentina. 1996. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.

Official Name: República Argentina (Argentine Republic)

Capital: Buenos Aires

Date of Independence: July 9, 1816

Head of State/Government: Javier Milei

Population: 45.2 million

Languages: Spanish, Italian, English, German, French, Mapudungun, Quechua

Provinces: 23 provinces (provincias) and 1 autonomous city; Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands, Tucumán