The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of Yugoslavia. In Yugoslavia the national Communist party, officially called Alliance or League of Communists of Yugoslavia, was losing its ideological potency, while nationalist and separatist ideologies were on the rise in the late 1980s. Crisis erupted with the weakening of the Communist system at the end of the Cold War. This was particularly noticeable in Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to a lesser extent in Slovenia and Republic of Macedonia. Throughout 1991 international and national political maneuvering failed to prevent Bosnia from slipping into civil war.
This collection consists of comprehensive materials related to the former Yugoslavia, particularly Bosnia, and U.S. presidential decision-making. Documents constitute the complete FOIA request listed as 1998-0102-FL: Records on Bosnia and the Former Yugoslavia.
KARAGODIN.ORG is a Russian independent research project by Denis Karagodin, who has spent almost a decade compiling a meticulous record of evidence about the murder of his great-grandfather by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin's secret police, by running a website that lists, by name, every individual he deems complicit. The collection is an active murder investigation of a peasant named Stepan Karagodin, who was shot by the NKVD of the USSR on January 21, 1938 in the Siberian city of Tomsk. The resource is dedicated to collecting information from official Russian documents of the Ministry of Defense, the FSB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Federal Penitentiary Service, the General Military and Regional Prosecutor's Offices, multiple political outlets and online resources, and municipal and private archival collections. There is a heightened public interest in the investigation, as many such executions occurred during the Stalinist Purges. To date, Denis has received an apology from a granddaughter of one of the executioners.
The Oxford Research Encyclopedia (ORE) project is one of the most ambitious reference projects that Oxford University Press has embarked upon. OREs are highly discoverable, peer-reviewed, online encyclopedias with essays planned, written, and reviewed by the world’s leading scholars and scientists, providing hundreds of in-depth articles on core topics in all of the major disciplines. Every month, new topics are added and current essays are updated, ensuring that users have the most up-to-date content at their fingertips. The ORE project combines the ease of access and speed of digital publishing with the standards of academic publishing. OREs:
Synthesize primary research in high-level interpretive overview articles;
Provide anchoring information to be used at the start of a research project;
Are developed collaboratively with the global community of experts in a discipline;
Are written and vetted by scholars for scholars and students;
Direct users to other relevant, trusted content.
Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, Oxford has developed new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics. While most content is restricted to subscribers, full-text articles of pre-subscription and preview OREs are freely available, as are the summaries in restricted subscriber content.
ReRight is a public charitable trust that aims to redefine women's lived experiences. ReRight Foundation’s campaign, ‘Papaya Parade,’ aims to unpack abortion stigma through art and storytelling. They have collaborated with a young artists’ collective, Artists Anonymous. This campaign highlights abortion experiences of Indian women from diverse backgrounds. Every year, 15.6 million women undergo abortions in India. Using storytelling and visual art to highlight anonymous personal stories of abortion, Papaya Parade is the unveiling of the stories behind this data.
Founded in 1929 under the aegis of the Scientific-Research Institute on China, Problemy Kitaia (Issues in Chinese Studies) was pre-WWII Soviet Union's preeminent scholarly journal dedicated to the social-scientific study of China until its closure in 1935. Coinciding with the setbacks suffered by the Chinese Communist Party during the height of the Civil War that ravaged the country in late 1920s the journal had come to see itself as an ideological bulwark at the service of the Bolshevik Revolution generally and the Chinese Revolution in particular. Its mission and trajectory were made clear in the first issue when the editors wrote that the principal aim of their publication was to provide a "powerful assistance in the work of the theoretical defense of the Chinese Revolution … [and] become a unified platform for all Marxist-Leninist scholars of China who are busy waging a relentless campaign against [intellectual] currents hostile to Bolshevism." Further, the journal's editors declared, "being the theoretical organ of the militant Marxist-Leninist Sinology, our journal is called upon to render ideological aid to the Chinese Communist Party for the purpose of raising the general Marxist level of the movement, and for developing a Marxism-Leninism rooted in [and congruent with] Chinese realities." To achieve its stated aims the journal was committed to the research and the analysis of economic, social, cultural, and political problems facing China from a distinctly Marxist-Leninist vantage point and situated within a distinctly Chinese social and political environment. Although journal's ideological commitments were never in doubt, it did not mean that it was restricted to producing Communist propaganda or apologia with limited scholarly value. Its historical and broader social-scientific studies of China were in many ways groundbreaking, existing ideological or thematic restrictions notwithstanding. Fully searchable, Problemy Kitaia Digital Archive provides researchers and students a unique Russian-language research on a critical period of Chinese history as it was undergoing a range of social, cultural, economic, and political changes.
Roper Center iPoll, produced by the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research at Cornell University, is a collection of public opinion data from polls conducted by major United States and international polling organizations. Polls are produced by major news organizations (such as CBS, ABC, and the Associated Press), public opinion research centers (such as Gallup, Harris, and Pew), and major academic and commercial pollsters. Polls cover a variety of topics, including social issues, politics, pop culture, international affairs, science, the environment, and many more. Search results in Roper iPoll are divided into two categories:
Questions include 750,000+ questions and their results from public opinion surveys.
Studies/Datasets consist of indexing for 25,000+ public opinion surveys. Many datasets include links to their questions. Some datasets, results charts, and demographic crosstabs are available for download.
Founded in 1921 in Moscow, Trud (Труд, Labor) was an influential Soviet newspaper and the official organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Among the earliest Soviet newspapers with a countrywide circulation, it attracted some of the most important journalists and writers in the USSR. Among its regular contributors were such notable poets as Vladimir Mayakovsky and Yevgeny Yevtushenko. Although the newspaper was dedicated to covering issues concerning labor relations in the Soviet Union, economic analysis, the plight of workers in foreign countries, and the proliferation of official pronouncements, its more popular component attracted audiences from a broader pool of readers. At the height of the Gorbachev-era reforms the newspaper, like many others, would abandon its usual propagandistic bombast ensuring its growing popularity and catapulting its circulation to well over 20 million. With the demise of the Soviet Union and the emergence of new publications in post-Soviet Russia that competed for readers from Trud’s targeted audiences, the popularity of the newspaper subsided, although it has retained some of its former reputation as a reliable source for news and popular culture reportage. Please note: this newspaper archive is also accessible within the East View Global Press Archive and can be accessed on the Global Press Archive platform, which allows interoperability with a large number of global newspaper titles.
Founded in 1995 V Novom Svete (In the New World) , ISSN 1089-1420, was the most popular weekly newspaper in the Russian-American community for 27 years. The idea of its inception was simple: new immigrants wanted to read “hot” content produced by then free press in Russia and they needed guidance to start a new life in America. The fourth wave of immigration from the former USSR began in the late 80s. The only professional newspaper read by Russian ex-pats then was a daily Novoe Russkoe Slovo. Most of its content in the 90s was produced by local journalists, who often suffered from inbreeding, while journalism in Russia offered much juicier stories. Sensationalism was a new trend. Positioning itself as a publication for elites Novoe Russkoe Slovo was often detached from the problems that newcomers struggled with.
The first issue of V Novom Svete was published on March 10, 1995, right after a prominent journalist, Vladislav Listiev, was killed in Russia. Tapping into readers’ interests V Novom Svete found a formula for success: it combined reprints from Moskovskii Komsomolets with original stories written by American Russian speaking authors. Very soon it became the most popular Russian language weekly and the only publication that was sold nationwide. Famous Russian journalists such as Alexander Minkin, Mark Deutch, Alexander Khinshtein, Stanislav Belkovsky, Matvey Ganapolsky, Svetlana Khokhryakova, Alexander Melman and others were published in the pages of V Novom Svete. Legendary journalist Melor Sturua, who worked for Izvestia’s Bureaus in New York and Washington during the Cold War was one of the major columnists writing for V Novom Svete after he permanently moved to the US.
Strong analytical and cultural content contributed to the growing popularity of the publication in the early 2000s. Alexandra Sviridova’s exclusive interview with future Editor-in-Chief of Russian Forbes, Paul Khlebnikov, who was later killed in Moscow, was one of many memorable articles created by the team of American journalists. In 2004 V Novom Svete became a winner of US Independent Press Association awards for Best Editorial and Best Graphic Design. After Novoe Russkoe Slovo went out of business in 2010, V Novom Svete became the only newspaper on the market producing quality Russian language journalism. Writers publishing in the pages of V Novom Svete also worked for such prestigious outlets as BBC, Russian Forbes, Voice of America and Radio Liberty. During Covid-19 pandemic many small businesses that advertised in the publication were shut down and subsequently never recovered. After 27 years despite stable dedicated readership due to financial difficulties V Novom Svete decided to end its print edition. The last issue of V Novom Svete was published on May 6, 2022.