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Baseball Resources at the Library of Congress

Subscription Databases

Napoleon Sarony, photographer. Metropolitan baseball nine 1882. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

The Library of Congress provides access to hundreds of subscription databases to on-campus visitors. These databases index and often provide the full-text of publications covering a wide range of subjects. This section describes several types of databases that may be of interest to baseball researchers. (Please note that the database descriptions highlight content available through the Library of Congress's subscriptions; the amount of indexed and full-text content may differ through other libraries.) If you are unable to visit the Library of Congress to access these databases, you should contact or visit your local library to determine which of these databases, or other comparable databases, it makes available.

If you plan to visit the Library but would like to conduct a general assessment of the baseball-related content you'll find through these databases, consider searching the Primo Central subscription database from home. This "discovery" database can be used to conduct a remote search across many (not all) subscription databases available at the Library. Only records for results, not their full text, will be returned. Primo Central can be used to identify relevant publications in advance of an on-campus visit, whose full text you can then potentially access through the Library's subscription databases or physical collections. Please note that Primo Central does not index the content of every database to which the Library's subscribes, nor does it offer some of the advanced search features available through other databases; to conduct a thorough search of our subscription-based content, it is necessary to visit the Library in person and search within individual databases.

Note on Availability of Subscription Databases

The subscription resources marked with a padlock are available to researchers on-site at the Library of Congress. If you are unable to visit the Library, you may be able to access these resources through your local public or academic library.

Baseball Research: Subscription Databases

Use biographical databases to locate biographical essays and entries about important figures in the world of baseball. Many biographies in these databases include bibliographies you can use to locate additional literature on the individual. Some databases, such as American National Biography Online, also indicate libraries or archives that hold major collections related to the person.

Examples of biographical databases follow below.

There are several databases that index poems and short stories appearing in literary anthologies, collections, and periodicals. The following Library databases can be used to locate short fiction and poetry about baseball.

Book-length collections and anthologies of baseball literature can also be found through the Library's online catalog under the following subject headings, among others:

Several databases allow users to determine which libraries or archives hold special collections such as a player's papers, a baseball company's business records, or a historical collection of baseball photographs. Two major databases providing this information are:

Newspaper databases provide indexing and, in many cases, full-text access to both current and historical newspapers. These databases can be used, for example, to read news articles about baseball, find recaps of baseball games, examine box scores, locate player obituaries. A complete list of newspaper databases available at the Library, as well as a list of historical newspaper databases, can be found through the E-Resources Online Catalog. Many historical U.S. newspapers can be freely searched online through the Library's Chronicling America database.

General interest magazines and periodicals often include stories on players, scandals, records, significant events, and other baseball items of interest to a wide audience. Periodicals from the 19th century can also be used to track the growth and development of baseball throughout the United States. The following are examples of Library subscription databases that index popular literature.

Many databases serve as indexes or full-text gateways to peer-reviewed, scholarly publications (e.g., articles, essays, books, and dissertations) in one or more fields of study. Some of these databases include publications whose contents explore the history of baseball. Examples of several Library subscription databases through which scholarly publications about baseball can be found follow below.