Originally the personal library of the Brazilian diplomat, historian, and journalist Manoel de Oliveira Lima--the Oliveira Lima Library--has long been regarded as one of the finest collections of Luso-Brazilian materials available to scholars. Now this collection of rare and unique pamphlets is more available than ever, thanks to GALE's partnership with the library to digitize this content and present it in their new archive, Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Library. Spanning the long 19th century, this collection turns the spotlight on Latin Americas largest and most influential power, covering topics such as colonialism, the Brazilian independence period, slavery and abolition, the Catholic Church, indigenous peoples, immigration, ecology, agriculture, economic development, medicine and public health, international relations, and Brazilian and Portuguese literature.
The pamphlet collection includes approximately 100 Brazilian incunabula, defined as titles published in Brazil from 1808, the year the printing press was introduced by the Portuguese prince regent (the future King John VI), to 1830. Extending the date range to 1850 raises the total to 177. There are nearly 400 pamphlets published during the Brazilian Independence period (1820-1823) in Brazil (13 percent) and Portugal (87 percent). These pamphlets include governmental decrees as well as many anonymous, pseudonymous, and satirical works. The collection contains contemporary items relating to uprisings during the imperial period, such as the Cabanagem Revolt in Pará (1835-1840), the Revolution of the Farrapos in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina (1835-1845), and the Praieira Revolt in Pernambuco (1848-1849).
Part II Monographs: Included here are approximately 3,800 publications from the mid-sixteenth century and the early days of printing and movable type into the first quarter of the twentieth century. The oldest imprints include evangelical tracts along with descriptions of new lands and peoples. Dictionaries for recording new languages gradually expand in coverage to include geographical, historical, and biographical information. Legislation and laws governing most aspects of life and property constitute an important resource for understanding Brazil's development. Many investigative reports by scientists and geographers provide information utilized by entities involved in the exploitation of resources and the establishment of political boundaries. These publications, rich with description and often containing detailed maps and illustrations of fauna, flora, and inhabitants, constitute a rare and invaluable record. Documents assembled by scientific associations, religious orders, and governmental bodies broaden the coverage. Extensive scholarly, religious, and creative writings by both major figures and many minor ones reflect the intellectual formation of the Brazilian intelligentsia.