Although Charles Rennie Mackintosh received major commissions, won architectural competitions, collaborated broadly and influenced other artists, he was not well-known during his lifetime. Mackintosh’s distinctive designs were lauded in European cities such as Vienna, but his life and work included both accolades and adversity. After his death in 1928 a memorial exhibition was held in Glasgow. Since that time, numerous international and regional exhibitions have celebrated Mackintosh’s creativity and his continuing influence on art and design. Charles Rennie Mackintosh is now fully recognized as a pioneer of the modern movement. The following citations link to more complete bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to digital content are provided when available.