Anarchist Incidents (1886-1920): Topics in Chronicling America
In the early 1900s, anarchists bombed and assassinated their way into the collective psyche of the time. This guide provides access to material related to “anarchist incidents” found in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of US Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
Chaos! Smoke, bombs, and screams of terror permeate the crowded street. The anarchists are at it again. A 1894 issue of the Omaha Daily Bee described anarchists as those that believe “all human government is usurpation, tyranny, essentially wrong.” Anarchists have caused riots, bombings, and successfully assassinated several world leaders—including the 25th president of the United States. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
May 4, 1886
November 11, 1887
Four anarchists are hanged for allegedly throwing a bomb at Haymarket.
July 11, 1892
Francois Claudius Koenigstein (Ravachol) is executed in France; becomes an anarchist martyr.
February 12, 1894
Emile Henry detonates a bomb in the Cafe Terminus, killing one and injuring twenty.
September 10, 1898
Elisabeth, Empress of Austria is stabbed by an anarchist.
July 29, 1900
Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
September 6, 1901
President William McKinley is shot by an anarchist.
Palmer Raids begin.
December 21, 1919
249 political radicals are deported including anarchist leader Emma Goldman.