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Annexation of Hawaii: Topics in Chronicling America

The United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. This guide provides access to material related to the “Annexation of Hawaii” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


Portrait of Liliuokalani, the first queen regnant and the last sovereign monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii. August 13, 1898. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), Image 3. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

While a revolutionary crowd gathers outside the Iolani palace gates on January 14, 1893, Queen Liliuokalani is forced to relinquish control of the Hawaiian government. With the Queen dethroned, years of political turmoil would follow until Hawaii was officially annexed to the United States in 1898. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


July 6, 1887- January 20, 1891 Reign of King Kalakaua under the "Bayonet Constitution."
January 14, 1893 The Hawaiian Kingdom is overthrown.
July 17, 1893 James H. Blount delivers his report to President Cleveland.
February 26, 1894 The Morgan Report is submitted to the Senate.
July 6, 1898 William McKinley signs the annexation amendment.
February 22, 1900 Hawaii is officially annexed to the United States.