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Emma Goldman: Topics in Chronicling America

Following the assassination of President McKinley in 1901, Emma Goldman was suspected of conspiring with his killer. This guide provides access to materials related to “Emma Goldman” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


"Miss Emma Goldman 'high priestess of anarchy' now in jail." September 11, 1901. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), Image 1. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

After the shocking assassination of President McKinley, the gunman Leon Czolgosz confesses his actions to be inspired by violent anarchist Emma Goldman’s claim that “all rulers should be exterminated.” Investigations continue and a conspiracy theory arises, hypothesizing the McKinley murder was devised and put into action by Goldman herself. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


September 6, 1901 Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley in Buffalo, NY.
September 7, 1901 In his statement to police, Czolgosz calls Emma Goldman an inspiration for the assassination.
September 8, 1901 Authorities search for Emma Goldman.
September 10, 1901 Police arrest Emma Goldman, charge her with conspiracy to murder the President. Czolgosz confesses.
September 11, 1901 Chief of Buffalo Police reveals he has no proof of plot.
September 24, 1901 Emma Goldman is released from police custody.