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Battle of Gettysburg: Topics in Chronicling America

In July 1863, over 50,000 lives were lost in a bloody, three-day battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This guide provides access to materials related to the "Battle of Gettysburg" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


"The battle-field around Gettysburg." July 7, 1863. New-York Daily Tribune (New York, NY), Image 1. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

"The slaughter was perfectly unparalleled," reads the July 9, 1863 issue of Washington, D.C.'s Daily National Republican. July 1, 1863 marks the start of the Battle of Gettysburg; three days and over 50,000 casualties later, the battle ends when General Lee retreats with his troops in the early morning of July 4. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


July 1-3, 1863 Fighting in and around the town of Gettysburg, PA. This becomes the deadliest battle of the Civil War.
July 4, 1863 The Confederate army retreats.