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Golden Flyer Suffragettes: Topics in Chronicling America

On April 6, 1916, two women set out on a five month, cross-continent journey for women's right to vote. This guide provides access to materials related to the “Golden Flyer Suffragettes” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers


"Leaving to circle the country for suffrage." April 7, 1916. New-York Tribune (New York, NY), Image 5. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

On April 6, 1916, Nell Richardson and Alice Burke set out from New York to cross the United States stumping for the women’s right to vote. Traveling in the Golden Flyer, a yellow two-seater, the suffragettes embarked on a five month cross-continent trip across many dirt and gravel roads. Armed with a fireless cooker, hand sewing machine, typewriter, and a cat named Saxon, the women spoke tirelessly across the country to garner support and encourage women to attend parades at the 1916 Republican and Democratic National Conventions in Chicago and St. Louis. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


1890 Wyoming enters the union with its suffrage laws intact, becoming the first state to allow women to vote.
April 6, 1916 Nell Richardson and Alice Burke leave New York City in the Golden Flyer with the goal of crossing the country to promote women’s suffrage.
April 26, 1916 Nell Richardson and Alice Burke receive a black kitten as a gift which travels with them the remainder of the way.
May 1916 The suffragettes report on the possibility of “Mexican raids” in border town visits in Texas.
June 1916 The Republican and Democratic National Conventions are held in Chicago and St. Louis respectively.
July 14, 1916 Suffragettes arrive in Seattle, Washington, completing half of their coast-to-coast journey. September, 1916. Nell Richardson, Alice Burke, and the cat return with the Golden Flyer to New York, completing the tour.
1919 The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which gives women the right to vote, is adopted by a joint resolution in Congress.
August 26, 1920 After Tennessee becomes the thirty-sixth state to ratify the 19th Amendment, the Amendment is officially adopted and women are given the right to vote.