In 1859, abolitionist John Brown attempted to create a slave uprising. This raid helped spark the American Civil War. This guide provides access to material related to "Harper's Ferry" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of US Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
John Brown and his “army” raided the Armory and Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry in an attempt to create a slave uprising. Instead they were defeated, many of Brown’s followers were killed, and Brown and six of his men were captured. Brown would hang for treason, becoming a martyr figure for the abolition movement. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
October 16-18, 1859
John Brown and his "army" take control of the U.S. Armory and Arsenal at Harper's Ferry.
October 18, 1859
Marines led by Robert E. Lee storm the Armory and capture Brown and 6 of his men.
November 2, 1859
Brown is found guilty of murder and treason and is sentenced to death.