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Krakatoa Volcano Eruption: Topics in Chronicling America

A guide for researching the topic of the "Krakatoa volcano eruption" of 1883 in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


The Washington Times., June 29, 1919, NATIONAL EDITION, American Weekly Section, Image 28. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

“Fires of inferno, stirred by the demons of death!” reports the August 30, 1883 Wheeling Daily Intelligencer describing the cataclysmic eruption of the Indonesian volcano Krakatoa in the Sunda Strait. One of the deadliest and most destructive natural disasters in recorded history. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


May - August 1883 Shaking, heavy rains, and ash felt in the Sunda Strait.
August 27, 1883 Krakatoa erupts in a series of violent explosions, causing a tidal waves up to 120 ft. high.
November - December 1883 Blood red sunsets and green/blue sun and moon reported throughout the world.
February 12, 1884 Britain's Royal Society establishes Krakatoa Committee.
1884 - 1887 Geologists discover change to the Earth’s surface.
1888 Krakatoa Committee publishes report.
1900 - 1925 Scientists begin to unravel mysterious effects on the Earth’s geography and atmosphere.