Mabel Stark was one of the most celebrated animal trainers in a field dominated by men. This guide provides access to materials related to “Mabel Stark” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of US Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
After suffering a nervous breakdown as a nurse, Mabel Stark (1889-1968) seeks a “simpler & easier profession”: training wild jungle cats for the Big Top. Formerly known as Mary Haynie, she joins the circus and becomes the world’s foremost wild animal trainer, circa 1910-1920. Despite numerous maulings, it is Mabel’s love of big cats that keeps her coming back. Wrestling the Bengal tiger, Rajah, is her signature act, spectators looking on in amazement as the lithe dare-devil steps into a cageful of snarling jungle cats armed only with a cane, a whip and a pistol full of blanks. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
Adopts a motherless Bengal tiger cub as her own and names him Rajah.
Mabel Stark is severely mauled by a lion named Louie.
August 2, 1921
Stark battles 3 enraged tigers before hundreds of spectators, causing a panic.
Joins the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus.