Political rivals and revolutionaries vie for Presidency, power and control of Mexico in a ten-year struggle. This guide provides access to material related to the "Mexican Revolution" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of U.S. Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
On November 20, 1910, Francisco Madero leads a revolt against longtime Mexican President Porfirio Diaz after Diaz refuses to resign from the presidency. The revolution that ensues is tumultuous and bloody, lasting over 10 years. The United States looks on the revolution with caution, intervening twice in 1914 and 1916 in an attempt to protect U.S. interests and slow down the violence. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
November 20, 1910
Francisco Madero runs against sitting dictator Porfirio Diaz in the 1910 election. Diaz imprisons Madero and declares himself the winner.
May 25, 1911
Francisco Madero, Pascual Orozco, Francisco “Pancho” Villa, and Emiliano Zapata oust Diaz.
November 6, 1911
Madero wins the presidential election and is sworn into office. Factions arise amongst the original revolutionists over social and political beliefs.
Madero and his Vice President are forced to resigned. They are later assassinated.
Victoriano Huerta becomes President of Mexico; however, he is later forced to step down and flee into exile.
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sends American Marines to Vera Cruz, Mexico, to support revolutionaries.
Venustiano Carranza's government is recognized as the de facto ruling power by the United States.