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Octaviano Larrazolo: Topics in Chronicling America

Octaviano Larrazolo was the first Hispanic United States Senator. This guide provides access to materials related to the “Octaviano Larrazolo” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


"Hon. O. A. Larrazolo, next delegate to Congress." October 30, 1900. Las Vegas Daily Optic (Las Vegas, NM), Image 1. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

Octaviano Larrazolo; an eloquent practitioner of law, of Mexican-American heritage, becomes the first United States Hispanic senator and the fourth governor of New Mexico. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


1900 Octaviano Larrazolo is the Democratic candidate for the New Mexico territory to Congress. He loses the election.
1906 Larrazolo makes a second attempt as Democratic candidate to Congress and does not win.
November 3, 1908 Voting is underway as Larrazolo makes his third attempt as the Democratic candidate to Congress against W. H. Andrews.
February 25, 1909 By a unanimous vote of the House, W. H. Andrews is elected delegate to congress from New Mexico over Larrazolo.
January 1, 1919 After switching to the Republican party, Octaviano Larrazolo becomes New Mexico’s fourth governor.
January 1, 1921 Larrazolo completes his term as New Mexico's governor and on his final day, pardons seventeen individuals.
1928 Larrazolo becomes the first Mexican-American to serve in the U.S. Senate.