The Death of Pope Leo XIII and the Election of Pope Pius X: Topics in Chronicling America
In 1903, Pope Leo XIII dies and Pope Pius X is elected, but dies 11 years later. This guide provides access to materials related to “Pope Leo XIII and Pope Pius X” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of US Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
On August 4, 1903, the College of Cardinals in Vatican City elects Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto as the new Pope after the lengthy illness and death of Pope Leo XIII. He chooses the name Pius X, and leads the Catholic Church until his death in 1914. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
July 20, 1903
Pope Leo XIII, born Gioacchino Pecci and whose papacy lasted 25 years, dies at the age of 93.
August 4, 1903
Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto is elected Pope and chooses the name Pius X.