Territories to Statehood, the Southwest: Topics in Chronicling America
In 1912, the New Mexico and Arizona territories became the 47th and 48th states. This guide provides access to materials related to the "Southwest Territories to Statehood" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.
Chronicling America is a searchable digital collection of historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
Included in the website is the Directory of US Newspapers in American Libraries, a searchable index to newspapers published in the United States since 1690, which helps researchers identify what titles exist for a specific place and time, and how to access them.
The path to statehood was a long and arduous process for both New Mexico and Arizona. In 1848, the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War and allowed the New Mexico territory to be annexed to the United States; however, disputes regarding a state constitution, boundaries, slavery, and the people prevented movement towards statehood. Eventually on January 6, 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state admitted to the Union when President William Taft signed the New Mexico statehood bill. Thirty-nine days later, Arizona became the 48th state admitted to the Union. Read more about it!
The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.
The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.
January 6, 1912
New Mexico is admitted to the Union as the 47th state.
February 14, 1912
Arizona is admitted to the Union as the 48th and last contiguous state in the Union.