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William McKinley Assassination: Topics in Chronicling America

On September 6, 1901, President William McKinley dies after sustaining complications from bullet wounds. This guide provides access to materials related to the “McKinley Assassination” in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.


"Scene of the daring attempt to assassinate President McKinley. Drawn from a description by telegraph." September 7, 1901 The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), Image 2. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

President William McKinley (1843-1901) dies on September 14, 1901 of complications from bullet wounds inflicted by Leon Czolgosz. Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot the President during one of his public appearances at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Initially doctors believed that President McKinley would survive the assassination attempt even though only one bullet was able to be removed. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


September 6, 1901 President William McKinley is shot at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, NY. Anarchist Leon Czolgosz is arrested in connection with the attack.
September 14, 1901 McKinley dies of complications from his bullet wounds. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt assumes the presidency.
September 15, 1901 A funeral train carrying McKinley’s casket travels from Buffalo to the Capitol in Washington, DC, and finally to Ohio, where McKinley is buried.
September 23, 1901 Czolgosz’s trial begins. Three days later, the jury finds him guilty and sentences him to death.
October 29, 1901 Czolgosz is executed.