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The Yaqui: Topics in Chronicling America

Beginning in the early 19th century, Yaqui Indians struggled to maintain independence against Mexico which led to war. This guide provides access to materials related to the "Yaqui" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.

Introduction

"Truth about the Yaquis as told by Gen. Torres" March 29, 1906. Albuquerque Morning Journal (Albuquerque, NM), Image 7. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

The resolve of the Yaqui Native American tribes has proven itself through its struggle with the Mexican government. For centuries, these people have defied European oppression with hopes of a homeland free of aggression. Until the early 1900s, these hopes of independence have been characterized by many Americans as “cowardly” or “bloodthirsty foes” only because the Yaqui “refuse to obey the laws of Mexico.” However, by the 20th century American public opinion shifted and blamed Mexico as the true foe for triggering the Yaqui War. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.

Timeline

May 1894 The Yaqui ambush 500 Mexican troops under General Torres command, in the canyon of Sierra de Bacatte.
January 17, 1895 The Yaqui has now been at war with the Mexicans for 7 years and are claimed to be “persistent guerrillas.”
June 1886 The Mexican government recognizes the Yaqui as a people who reject any kind of government and despite their small 3000 man army, their use of guerrilla warfare enables them to be “unconquerable.”
January 23, 1897 The Yaqui are characterized for having a “heroic story” due to their struggle with Spanish and Mexican oppression.
August 9, 1899 The Mexican government is publically blamed for the war with Yaqui and their treacherous treatment.
December 26, 1902 John Dwyer died like a “coward” as he betrayed the Yaqui.
January 31, 1909 The long Mexican and Yaqui war is coming to an end as the Mexican government has begun negotiations with the Yaqui.
March 26, 1910 Mexican correspondent admits many Yaqui executions and hardships have occurred.