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Egypt: African and Middle Eastern Division Country Guide

This guide provides curated Library of Congress resources for researching Egypt, including digitized primary source materials in a wide variety of formats, books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching.


The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Egypt. Curated by the Near East Section of the African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED), this guide is part of a series of country guides that provide quick references for countries and regions.

This country guide provides links to major research resources for Egyptian studies from across the Library, including digitized rare books, free and subscription-based databases, books, serials, and special format materials such as maps, prints & photographs, audio visual recordings, etc.

About the African and Middle Eastern Division

Consisting of three sections—African, Hebrew and Near East—the African and Middles Eastern Division (AMED) is a major world resource center for Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. The division has the custody of material in the non-Roman-alphabet languages of the region and sizable pamphlet collections on African Studies. Included in these collections are books, periodicals, newspapers, microforms, grey literature, and rarities including cuneiform tablets, manuscripts, incunabula (works printed before 1501) and other early African and Middle Eastern publications. Through its public reading room, reference librarians and curators provide researcher guidance and assistance in using the diverse collections available physically at the Library of Congress and the digital collections on the website.

Please note: Materials in Roman-alphabet languages about this country are available in the Library of Congress' General Collections through the Main Reading Room.

Egypt: Quick Facts

United States Central Intelligence Agency. Egypt. 1997. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.

Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Capital: Cairo

Population: 104,124,440 (July 2020 est.)

Area: 1,001,450 sq km (about three times the size of New Mexico)

Major River: Nile

Official Language: Arabic

Religion(s): Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Christian (mostly Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)

[Information courtesy of CIA World Factbook]