Skip to Main Content

Annus Mirabilis of Albert Einstein

In 1905 Albert Einstein published four groundbreaking papers that revolutionized scientific understanding of the universe. This is a guide to resources on the Annus Mirabilis of Albert Einstein.


Harris & Ewing, photographer. Albert Einstein, Washington, D.C.. [between 1921 and 1923]. Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division.

Albert Einstein is arguably the most famous physicist who ever lived. His name ranks among great thinkers who pushed forward radical new ideas like Sir Isaac Newton, Nicolaus Copernicus, Otto Hahn, and Andreas Vesalius. Einstein's work changed the way the world viewed physics, especially concerning relativity and quantum theory. He published hundreds of scientific papers during the course of his life, but in 1905, the year he turned 26, he published the four groundbreaking papers covered in this guide. These papers forever changed the way people view space, time, mass, and energy. This guide provides the papers themselves, in the original German and the English translations, as well as resources that give context of the time in which they were published and their meaning to future generations.

About the Science Section

Part of the Science & Business Reading Room at the Library of Congress, the Science Section is the starting point for conducting research at the Library of Congress in the subject areas of science, medicine and engineering. Here, reference specialists in specific subject areas of science and engineering  assist patrons in formulating search strategies and gaining access to the information and materials contained in the Library's rich collections of science, medicine, and engineering materials.