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France & French Collections at the Library of Congress

Americas & the Caribbean

There are large populations of French-speakers from Canada to Louisiana down to the overseas department of French Guiana in South America and Haiti in the Caribbean. In fact, French is the third most spoken language in North America. All together, there are over sixteen million native French speakers on the continent. Most of these Francophones hail from Haiti and Canada, specifically, Québec and New Brunswick. France also has several North American overseas collectivities like Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Barthélemy, and Saint Martin. Furthermore, North America is home to a couple of the largest French-speaking cities in the world: Montréal, Canada and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. While English- and Spanish-language literature are more conspicuous, the Francophone literature produced in North America is just as powerful. Authors like Maryse Condé, Aimé Césaire, and Michel Tremblay are some of the most prolific authors in the Francophone world; each having had profound effects on their cultures. A few prominent themes include racial and ethnic identity, gender identity, sexuality, colonialism, immigrant experience, and family.

The following titles link to fuller bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to additional digitized versions are included when available.