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French Guiana: Hispanic Reading Room Country Guide

This guide provides curated Library of Congress resources for researching French Guiana, including digitized primary source materials in a wide variety of formats, books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching.


The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from French Guiana. Curated by librarians in the Hispanic Reading Room, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Reading Room is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on French Guiana from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.

French Guiana: Quick Facts

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. French Guiana (France). 1992. Library of Congress Geography and Maps Division.

Official Name: Guyane (French Guiana)

Capital: Cayenne

Head of State/Government: Emmanuel Macron

Population: 290,691

Languages: French, French Guianese Creole, Maroon creole, and Amerindian languages

Arrondissements and communes: (2 arrondissements) Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and Cayenne; (22 communes) Awala-Yalimapo, Mana, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, Apatou, Grand-Santi, Papaïchton, Saül, Maripasoula, Camopi, Saint-Georges, Ouanary, Régina, Roura, Saint-Élie, Iracoubo, Sinnamary, Kourou, Macouria, Montsinéry-Tonnegrande, Matoury, Cayenne, Remire-Montjoly

*French Guiana is located in South America, however, it is an overseas territory part of France; Brazil and Suriname are its neighboring countries.