In terms of social globalization the world remains more connected than ever due to the widespread use of digital technologies. However, since the Great Recession of 2008-2010 a downward trend in economic integration has been observed.1The slowdown of world trade that resulted from the financial crisis was exacerbated by protectionist policies and nationalist movements in recent years. The COVID-19 health crisis that brought economic collapse has prompted policymakers to take deliberate steps toward deglobalization. While the current trend is not likely to end globalization, some argue that “globalization can be reversed, at least partially.”2
In addition, the United Nations identified three mega-trends related to globalization: shifts in production and labor markets, rapid advances in technology, and climate change.3
Listed below are books, reports, and articles that discuss the trends in globalization and offer guidance for further research. The following titles link to fuller bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to additional online content are included when available.
The following online resources provide additional information on the trends in globalization.