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Haiti: Hispanic Reading Room Country Guide

This guide provides curated Library of Congress resources for researching Haiti, including digitized primary source materials in a wide variety of formats, books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching.


George DeBaptiste, publisher. Toussaint L'Ouverture. c1870. Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division.

The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Haiti. Curated by librarians in the Hispanic Reading Room, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Reading Room is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on Haiti from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.

Haiti: Quick Facts

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Haiti. [1962]. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.

Official Name: République d’Haïti/ Repiblik d Ayiti(Republic of Haiti)

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Date of Independence: January 1, 1804

Head of State/Government: President Ariel Henry (acting)

Population: 11.1 million

Languages: French, Haitian Creole

Departments/Départements: Artibonite, Centre, Grand'Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est

*Haiti is located in the island of Hispaniola. It occupies one-third of the island and the Dominican Republic is the neighboring country.