This exhibit examines the upheaval of world war as Americans confronted it—both at home and abroad. Includes information on future U.S. president Herbert Hoover as he undertook leadership of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, which sought to feed and clothe the Belgians and avert starvation. This letter summarizes the results of that relief effort through the middle of 1915, which included the collection of 71 million francs worth of food.
Items from presidents are featured in this online exhibition, including a photograph of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover in a convertible automobile at Roosevelt's inauguration, March 4, 1933.
Search PPOC using the subject heading " Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964" to find digital images related to Hoover such as prints, photographs, and political cartoons. Search all text fields in PPOC using the name "Herbert Hoover" to locate additional images.
Since 1932, the National Press Club has hosted luncheon gatherings that have allowed presidents, visiting world leaders, and other leading personages to address the press and answer questions about pressing current affairs. In 1969, the Press Club donated to the Library of Congress audiotapes of talks they had been recording since 1952, a collection that has grown to nearly 2,000 recordings. The Library has made available online talks by some of its most important luncheon speakers, including eight U.S. presidents. On, March 10, 1954, Herbert Hoover addressed the National Press Club eight months after President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed him to lead a commission to study and make recommendations for the reorganization of the executive branch
From approximately 1929 through the late 1930s, the U.S. experienced a period of economic depression and recovery. This guide compiles related Library of Congress digital materials, external websites, and a print bibliography.
On December 21, 1928, President Calvin Coolidge signed the Boulder Canyon Project Act intended to dam the 1,400 mile Colorado River and distribute its water for use in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. Hoover Dam, considered a wonder of civil engineering, was constructed in Black Canyon, on the Arizona-Nevada border. Often referred to as Boulder Dam, the site was officially named after Herbert Hoover in 1947. Previously a mining engineer, Hoover was actively engaged in the dam’s development and the distribution of its water rights.
On May 1, 1931, with the press of a ceremonial button in Washington, D.C., President Herbert Hoover turned on the lights of the Empire State Building, officially opening the world’s tallest building located at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street in downtown Manhattan. President Herbert Hoover turned on the lights of the Empire State Building.
On July 8, 1932, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell to its lowest point during the Great Depression. This event was symptomatic of a decade of economic uncertainty that was precipitated by the crash in the fall of 1929, when U.S. stock prices declined dramatically. The resulting panic devastated the fortunes of many investors and caused major declines in consumption, industrial production, and employment, which in turn affected the U.S. and world economy for the next ten years.
On July 28, 1932, protesters known as the “Bonus Army,” or “Bonus Expeditionary Forces (B.E.F.),” who had gathered in the nation’s capital to demand an immediate lump-sum payment of pension funds (benefits) for their military service during World War I, were confronted by Federal troops (cavalry, machine-gunners, and infantry) following President Herbert Hoover‘s orders to evacuate. (While Congress had approved the payment in 1924, the bonus was not payable until 1945.) The presence of the Bonus Army was a continuing embarrassment and source of difficulty for Hoover. He sent in troops under the command of Brigadier General Perry L. Miles and General Douglas MacArthur. The veterans faced tear-gas bombs, bayonets, and tanks. Riots erupted and the veterans eventually disbanded.