In 1997 the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) was developed to replace the SIC code and is designed to be renewed/revised every 5 years. It was developed jointly by the U.S., Canada, and Mexico in order to provide new comparability in statistics about business activity across North America. NAICS identified hundreds of new, emerging, and advanced technology industries and reorganized industries into more meaningful sectors — especially in the service-producing segments of the economy. Generally, the NAICS is much better at covering the industries that exploded in the 1990's — e-commerce and related areas, biotechnology, heavily technical areas, etc., but for some industries, notably retail, using SIC codes is better. For a further discussion go to Census' explanation.
While the system is organized somewhat like the SIC, the numbers are not necessarily comparable. However, the Economic Census web page does offer various conversion tools to bridge between the SIC and various NAICS versions so you can match data under the systems when doing research for the time frame when the government started to use the NAICS system or doing research comparing older data to current.
If you need to look at specific industries after NAICS were introduced you will need to identify the appropriate codes from each year the NAICS was updated as they have changed since they were first introduced. Additionally, Census is increasingly relying on NAPCS codes as well so review that section.
Below is the chart with the sector and description for the 2022 edition to understand its organization (this top level is pretty consistent from revision to revision). However, there were some changes that came with the 2022 to address changes in the economy. These included the addition of new and emerging industries, content revisions for selected areas, title changes, and clarification of a few industry definitions. Examples include but are not limited to:
|11||Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting|
|21||Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction|
|31||Food and Textile Manufacturing|
|33||Finished Product Manufacturing|
|48-49||Transportation and Warehousing|
|52||Finance and Insurance|
|53||Real Estate and Rental and Leasing|
|54||Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services|
|55||Management of Companies and Enterprises|
|56||Administrative and Waste Management and Remediation Services|
|62||Health Care and Social Assistance|
|71||Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation|
|72||Accommodation and Food Services|
|81||Other Services (except Public Administration)|