Jurretta J. Heckscher, Reference Specialist for Early American History, Main Reading Room, Researcher and Reference Services Division
Created: September 30, 2022
Last Updated: October 4, 2022
Jamestown, Virginia, during its founding years under the Virginia Company of London (1607-1624), and Roanoke, North Carolina (1584-ante August 1590), were the earliest English colonies in North America. This guide offers information and access to a range of digital, print, and graphic resources from the Library of Congress and selected external sources, including materials for K-12 students. These resources document the history of these colonies, the Native peoples living in the region as they had for some 15,000 years before the English came, and the African captives whose arrival in Jamestown in 1619 marked the foundation of race-based slavery in English North America. They also shed some light on Jamestown and Virginia during the town's years as the royal colony's capital (1624-1699); and suggest how the Roanoke and Jamestown colonies have been remembered and imagined by later generations of Americans and studied by modern scholars.