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Kansas: Local History & Genealogy Resource Guide

Courthouse Records

County level research is essential in the pursuit of family and local history. The list below highlights the most common county courthouse records used by genealogists, but there are many more record sets available. Use the guides below and explore the specific resources for the counties of interest to assure that you locate all pertinent documents.

When requesting courthouse records, inquire about both docket books and paper files. Often both types of material exist for each record. While the two formats may merely repeat the data, one may be easier to read than the other. And, in many cases, there are further details, unique notations, over-sized pages such as maps, and so on, that are filed in only the docket book or in only the paper file. Seeing both will provide a more complete review of the record.

Timeline for County Courthouse Records

Birth Records
Civil Lawsuits
  • After July 1951, probate judges began handling probate matters, wills, and in most counties civil court cases.
Coroner Inquests
  • Generally maintained by: Coroner's office

Note: If the cause of death is suspicious or unknown, the Coroner's office is responsible for conducting an inquest.

Criminal Court
  • The Kansas State Historical Society retains records from Federal courts for the District of Kansas, almost all from the 19th century including from Kansas territorial days.

Note: Cases include incoming correspondence to the Clerk of the Court and judges, journals holding daily accounts of decisions made in the court, some bankruptcy and citizenship information, and forms and documents related to the cases.

Also Note: A wide variety of matters such as bastardy and fornication (which may sometimes be the only written record to identify a child's parents), criminal charges, borough and township boundaries, bridge and road administration, construction of public buildings, tavern licenses, and other assorted local items required court authority.

Death Records
  • Land records are retained at the State Archives in Topeka, Kansas

Note: The federal government gave away or sold the land in Kansas. Sales of land after the transfer from the government are recorded in the County Register of Deeds.

Divorce Records
Marriage Records
  • Pre-1906: Topeka Office of the U.S. Circuit Court and the clerk of the district court of each county in Kansas.
  • Post-1906: United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly Immigration and Naturalization Service)
  • Generally maintained at the local level by the County Treasurer's Office
Will and Probate
  • Generally maintained by the Clerk of the Probate division of the county court in each county.

Online Resources for Courthouse Records

The subscription resources marked with a padlock are available to researchers on-site at the Library of Congress. If you are unable to visit the Library, you may be able to access these resources through your local public or academic library.

Using Ancestry Library Editionfor Kansas

Begin your search through Ancestry's vast collections, by viewing the list designated as Kansas records External.

Using FamilySearch for Kansas

FamilySearch provides useful state and county wikis that make excellent starting points for research. The Kansas Wiki External includes links to each of its counties.

FamilySearch has digitized many of its microfilms containing county courthouse records. Not all records have been indexed yet, so search engine results may NOT show you the full range of FamilySearch data. You must browse the FamilySearch catalog External listings for each county to view the full set of records available. The vast amount of accessible original records is well worth your time to explore.

There is no fee to use FamilySearch, but you must create a free, personal account to access the databases and digital records.

Published Courthouse Records

Below are selected print publications for statewide courthouse records. The following titles link to fuller bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to additional online content are included when available.

To locate additional published materials, go to the Print Resources section of this guide for search tips on locating published county courthouse records, abstracts, and indexes that may aide you in locating original records at the county level.