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Guide to Law Online: U.S. New York


In New York, the judiciary has four general levels. The County Court, Court of Claims, Family Court, Surrogate's Court, and Local (City, Town, and Village) Courts are the lowest level courts, focusing on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, misdemeanor offenses, probate matters, family matters, and monetary claims against the state government. The Supreme Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court acts as intermediate appellate courts. The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the state.