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The collections held by the American Folklife Center (AFC) at the Library of Congress comprise cultural documentation of folk and traditional culture from six continents, every U.S. state and territory, and the District of Columbia. Additionally, AFC staff maintain reference resources that provide descriptive access to our collections; create digital publications such as blogs or podcasts that offer interpretation and context for our collections; and produce public programming that augments collection materials.
These geographic guides offer entry points into the above resources, and draw on the collective knowledge and expertise of the AFC staff.
The collections of the American Folklife Center include materials from Louisiana that are as varied and rich as the folk traditions of the state. Among its recordings are a treasure trove of blues, Cajun, Creole, and spiritual music; 12 hours of performance and interviews with Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter; and 8 hours of performance and interviews with jazz legend Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton. The collections also include recordings of indigenous Chitimacha tales and songs.
This recording trip is an ethnographic field collection that includes nearly 700 sound recordings, as well as fieldnotes, dust jackets, and other manuscripts documenting a three-month, 6,502-mile trip through the southern United States. Beginning in Port Aransas, Texas, on March 31, 1939, and ending at the Library of Congress on June 14, 1939, John Avery Lomax, Honorary Consultant and Curator of the Archive of American Folk Song (now the American Folklife Center archive), and his wife, Ruby Terrill Lomax, recorded approximately 25 hours of folk music from more than 300 performers. These recordings represent a broad spectrum of traditional musical styles, including ballads, blues, children's songs, cowboy songs, fiddle tunes, field hollers, lullabies, play-party songs, religious dramas, spirituals, and work songs. Included are 39 recordings from Louisiana and related materials.
The following materials link to fuller bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to digital content are provided when available.
This talk examines the songs recorded in the summer of 1934 by John Lomax, with assistance from his son Alan, who was then a teenager. While the music they recorded there has often been described as Cajun or Creole music, what they actually found was much more complex: a diverse admixture of old medieval lays, Continental pop songs, blues ballads, round dance songs, traditional ballads in French, a Scottish jig, and much more.
Dr. Josh Caffery is a writer and musician, and a native of Franklin, Louisiana. He is the author of the book Traditional Music in Coastal Louisiana, a study of the 1934 trip.