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Suzanne Schadl, Chief, Latin American, Caribbean, and European Division
Maria Daniela Thurber, Reference Librarian, Hispanic Section, Latin American, Caribbean, and European Division
Created: February 12, 2019
Last Updated: December 27, 2019
The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Mexico. Curated by Hispanic Reading Room librarians, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Reading Room is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on Mexico from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.
Official Name: United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos)
Capital: Mexico City (Ciudad de México)
Date of Independence: September 16, 1810, not to be confused with May 5 (date observed to commemorate the Mexican Army's victory over the French Empire at the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862). You can read more about the Battle of Puebla and Cinco de Mayo in this blog post.
Head of State/Government: President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
Population: 126 million
Languages: Spanish, Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Zapotec, Mixtec, Mayo, Yaqui, Tzeltal, Tzotzil, Chol, Totonac, Purépecha, Otomi, Mazahua, Mazatec, Chinantec, Mixe, Zoque, Popoluca, Popoloca language, Me'phaa, Wixarika, Chontal, Huave, Pame, Teenek, Kickapoo, Kiliwa, Paipai, Cucapá, Amuzgo, Triqui, Lacandon Maya, Mam Maya, Jakaltek, Matlatzinca, Tepehua, Chichimeca Jonaz, Pima Bajo, Ngiwa, Ixcatec, Ayapanec.
States: (31 states - select a state name below to display a map of that state from Atlas mexicano, 1884-1886) Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Durango, Estado de México, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas.