Skip to Main Content

Oil and Gas Industry: A Research Guide

U.S. Regulatory Agencies

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the primary body that regulates oil and gas companies, although a number of other federal offices oversee specific components of the oil and gas industry.

State Agencies

U.S. states have government agencies and commissions that are responsible for regulating the oil and gas industries in their states, which can often have a wider impact. States have authority over pipeline transportation that occurs wholly within one state. Some states have additional regulations to the refined oil product: For example, states in colder climates require additives to gasoline during winter months and California has more stringent standards for gasoline than the EPA. Listed below are select government agencies from top oil producing U.S. states.

U.S. Congressional Committees

In the United States, standing committees are permanent committees made up by either members of the Senate or the House. They decide which bills to move forward for discussion and vote in the Senate and House. Knowing who is chairing and serving on each committee is important because they shape the agenda.