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Giselle M. Avilés, Reference Librarian, Hispanic Section, Latin American, Caribbean, and European Division
Created: August 10, 2020
Last Updated: December 8, 2022
The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Peru. Curated by librarians in the Hispanic Reading Room, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Reading Room is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on Peru from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.
Official Name: República del Perú (Republic of Peru)
Date of Independence: July 28, 1821
Head of State/Government: President Dina Ercilia Boluarte Zegarra
Population: 32.9 million
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Amazonian languages
Departments: (24 departments and 2 provinces) Departments Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martín, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali; Provinces Callao and Lima.