Portuguese immigrants to the United States came not only from the mainland but also from the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores. The materials listed below encompass both the beginnings of the Portuguese movement across the Atlantic and the reasons for its continuation into the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They provide historical, political, and economic perspectives on Portuguese immigration to the United States.
The following titles link to fuller bibliographic information in the Library of Congress Online Catalog. Links to additional online content are included when available.