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Presidential Election of 1912: A Resource Guide

Woodrow Wilson defeated the incumbent William H. Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt in the 1912 presidential election. This guide provides access to digital materials, links to external websites, and a print bibliography related to the election.


Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) was elected president in 1912, defeating the incumbent William Howard Taft (Republican), former president Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive), and Eugene Debs (Socialist).

The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a wide variety of material associated with the presidential election of 1912, including photographs, political cartoons, broadsides, newspaper articles, sheet music, sound recordings, and films. This guide compiles links to digital materials related to the presidential election of 1912 that are available throughout the Library of Congress website. In addition, it provides links to external websites focusing on the 1912 election and a selected bibliography.

1912 Presidential Election Results [1]

Political Party Presidential Nominee VP Nominee Electoral College Popular Vote
Democratic Woodrow Wilson Thomas R. Marshall 435 6,294,326
Progressive Theodore Roosevelt Hiram W. Johnson 88 4,120,207
Republican William Howard Taft Nicholas M. Butler 8 3,486,343
Socialist Eugene V. Debs Emil Seidel 0 900,370


1. Presidential Elections, 1789-2008. (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2010), 147, 237.