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Racial, Ethnic, and Religious Minorities in World War II: A Resource Guide

Cultural, ethnic, and religious minorities served on the front lines, in military support roles, and on the home front during the Second World War. This guide comprises Library of Congress digital resources and print materials related to the topic.


Whether they served in the front lines, in support units, at sea, in the air, in factories or on farms, American minority groups were vital to the success of the U.S. war effort. From piloting the famous red-tailed, iconic P-51s of the Tuskegee Airmen, to the most decorated “Go For Broke” 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and the "Coming Out Fighting" 761st Tank Battalion, they served in harm’s way without hesitation. From the unbreakable communications of the Code-Talkers to the priceless analyses provided by the Military Intelligence Service, they provided the military with vital information to combat the enemies the country faced. From serving as nurses at home and abroad to keeping the military machine supplied through materiel production and global logistical support, they ensured the United States would not lose critical momentum in the four-year effort to achieve victory.