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Renewable Energy Industries: A Research Guide

Regulations, Standards, and Incentives

There are a number of laws that address renewable energy. Some of the major laws that primarily focus on renewable energy are listed on this page. However, there many more laws, regulations, and incentives that address renewable energy or specific types of energy sources. To find proposed U.S. federal laws and statutes and U.S. state bills related to renewable energy, use the following resources.

Renewable Energy Legislation

Federal, state, regional and international agreements, policies, and laws impact the renewable energy industries from manufacturing to distribution. Some government and intergovernmental decisions impact other industries by regulating the energy source or amount of energy used. Below are some specific examples. These do not include non-biding resolutions, such as the Green New Deal (2019).

For additional information on U.S. legislation on renewable energies see:

Renewable Portfolio Standards

Most states set renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which requires a certain percentage of their energy to come from renewable energy sources over a specific time frame. This amount can be measured as a percentage of total energy demand or as the amount of energy produced (in MWh). The following sources provide information on RPS and where to find RPS for a specific state.


In addition to policies and mandates, federal, state, and local governments offer financial incentives to encourage investment in renewable energies. For an excellent overview of federal incentives, see the Congressional Service Report:

The following are links to online resources that provide information on specific types of incentives or data to find incentives at various levels of government.