The division holds collections of both cataloged and uncataloged maps illustrating the geology of Russia and the former Soviet Union. Cataloged geological maps, as well as atlases, can be searched on the Library of Congress online catalog by various search terms, such as "Geology Russia federation maps" or "Geology, structural Russia federation Siberia" or "Geology Asiatic Russia maps" or "Geology Azerbaijan maps" or "Geology Russia federation Moscow Oblast maps." Uncataloged materials are described below.
There are approximately seventy-six uncataloged maps depicting the geology of Russia and the former Soviet Union. They range in date from 1863 to 1974. Forty-two depict geology at the national level, and are arranged chronologically. The remaining thirty-four cover specific areas. and are arranged alphabetically by name. One impressive example is described below.
Geologicheskaia Karta Soiuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik. Izdanie Orgkomiteta po Sozyvu XVII Sessii Mezhdunarodnogo Geologicheskogo Kongresse v Moskve 1937. // Geological Map of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Published by the Organization Committee of the XVII International Geological Congress 1937. (Moscow: MGKV, 1937). Offset lithograph, colored, on eight sheets. Scale 1:5,000,000. Filed under USSR -- Geology -- 1937 -- 1:5,000,000 -- Committee of the 17th International Geological Congress, and by unverified call number G7001 .C7 1937 .L4
Large eight-sheet map compiled and published under the auspices of the 17th International Geological Congress in 1937 in Moscow. Map illustrates the nation's lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also depicts cities, towns, and villages; place names; state frontiers; drying up rivers; navigable canals and canals under construction; railways; highways; and bathymetry by contours and depths. Includes indexed geological legend identifying seventy-seven geological units. Includes a general publishing statement regarding compilation authorities and editors. Includes general legend. Title, legend, and text bi-lingual in Russian and English.
There are thirty-four uncataloged maps of geology in European Russia. They range in date from around 1850 to 1966, and are arranged chronologically. One especially impressive item is described below, as is a cataloged map from the division's vault.
Geologticheskaia Karta Evropeiskoi Rossii i Khrebta Ural'skogo. Sostavlena v' 1845m" gody. (Saint Petersburg: Murchison et al., 1849). Chromolithograph. Scale ca. 1:560,000. Filed under Russia -- Russia in Europe -- Geology -- 1849 -- ca. 1:560,000 -- R. Murchison
Beautifully drawn, engraved, and colored geological map of European Russia and the Urals by Scottish geologist, Roderick Murchison, and others. Originally based upon Murchison's three excursions to Russia, this is the slightly updated and revised 1849 Russian edition. A large columnar section identifies lithology and fossils, both pictorially and by color, according to standard western geological nomenclature; however, lithology in Russian and fossil characteristics in Latin. Also includes a column of sedimentary systems and a cross section of a geological profile extending from Saint Petersburg to the Azov Sea. Map also depicts settlements, place names, rivers, and some shaded relief.
Carte Geologique du District Mètallifére de Nijni-Taguil (Monts-Ourals), propriété de la famille Démidoff. 2e Edition, dressée 1852. ([Paris]: F. le Play, 1852). Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Scale ca 1:96,500. Filed under LC call number G7064 .N56 C5 1852 .L4 Vault
Finely-drawn map of the geology of the Demidoff Family property in the environs of Nizhni Tagil by Frederic le Play, Chief Engineer of Mines and Professor of Metallurgy at l'Ecole des Mines in Paris. Map includes an extensive descriptive legend identifying lithology by color and geological nomenclature, and indicates locations of deposits of gold, platinum, iron, copper, and pyrite. As well as the lithology of the region, the map also depicts cities and towns, roads and trails, rivers and lakes, place names, and relief by contours. Includes dedication to Aurora Karamzin, former wife of P. N. Demidoff, signed by the author.
There is a single uncataloged map illustrating geology in Lithuania from 1924.
There are two uncataloged maps illustrating geology of the RSFSR for the years 1932 and 1933.
The division holds three maps illustrating the geology of the Caucasus for the years 1914 to 1941, four uncataloged geological maps of Armenia for the period 1907 to 1961, seven of Azerbaijan for the period 1868 to 1930s, and two of Georgia from 1926 and 1932. A few, in addition to one cataloged item, are discussed below.
A Geological Map of the Caucasus from the the latest sources by Felix Oswald. (London: Dulau & Co., 1914). Chromolithograph. Scale 1:1,000,000. Filed under USSR -- Caucasus -- Geology -- 1914 -- 1:1,000,000 -- Felix Oswald
Vibrantly colored and detailed geological map of the Caucasus from near the beginning of the First World War. Illustrates lithology by color, and identifies igneous rocks by color and pattern. Includes a "Geological Explanation" legend. Also shows towns and villages; place names; rivers; railroads; height in English feet; and marshes. Accompanied by text of explanatory notes.
USSR. Geological and Prospecting Service. Geological Survey. Geological Map of the Caucasus January 1929 g. / SSSR. Glavnoe Geologo-Razvedochnoe Upravlenie. Institut Geologicheskoi Karti. Geologicheskaia Karta Kavkaza Ianvar 1929 g. (Leningrad: USSR Geological Survey, 1929). Chromolithograph. Scale 1:1,000,000. Filed under USSR -- Caucasus -- 1929 -- 1:1,000,000 -- Russia. Geological Survey
Soviet-era geological map of the Caucasus from the late 1920s. Lithology illustrated by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also shows towns and villages; place names; rivers; railroads; and relief by spot heights in meters. Title and text in Russian and English.
Geologische Karte des Kaukasus. [Geologicheskai︠a︡ karta Kavkaza] Hrsg. vom Geologischen Komitee beim Rate der Volkskommissare der UdSSR. unter Leitung von A. P. Gerassimoff und unter Mitwirkung von W. W. Weber [et al.] Hergestellt im Auftrage GenStdH, Abt. f. Kr. Kart. u. Verm. Wes (II) u. RLM/V 9. II F (Geol). A. P. Gerasimov / USSR Geological Committee / Germany. Heer. Generalstab. ([Berlin?]: 1941). Colored map, on four sheets. Scale 1:1,000,000. Filed under LC call number G7121.C5 1941 .R8
World War II German re-issue of a Soviet geological map of the Caucasus. Lithology illustrated by color, and relief shown by spot heights.
Geologische Karte des Kaukasus. ([Moscow/Berlin]: Geologischen Komitee beim Rate der Volkskommissare der UdSSR, 1941). Offset lithograph, color. Scale 1:1,000,000. Filed under USSR -- Caucasus -- Geology -- 1941 -- 1:1,000,000 -- Gerassimoff et al.
German re-issue of a geological map of the Caucasus originally published by the Geological Committee of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR. Illustrates lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature; place names (in Russian); towns and villages; roads; railroads; rivers and canals; and relief by spot heights. Extensive legend identifies lithology, with German and Russian text.
A Geological Map of Armenia and its Border-Ranges, with Indications of Minerals & Mineral-Springs. Drawn and Hand-Coloured by Felix Oswald. (Nottingham, U.K.: Felix Oswald, 1907). Photolithograph (Chromolithograph). Scale 1:1,013,760. Filed under Armenia -- Geology -- 1907 -- 1 inch=16 miles -- Oswald
Vivid and detailed geological map of Armenia before the First World War. Illustrates lithology by color. Includes a legend keying rock type by color. Also shows towns and villages; place names; rivers and lakes; railroads; monasteries; volcanoes; passes; mountain ranges by thick lines; and elevations in English feet. Accompanied by text of explanatory notes, which, according to the map, is based on the author's "Treatise on the Geology of Armenia." Map may serve as a precursor and companion piece to his A Geological Map of the Caucasus from the the latest sources by Felix Oswald, dated 1914.
Geologicheskaia Karta Basseina Ozera Gokchi. Sostavil K. N. Paffenhol'z / Geological Map of the Lake Gokcha Basin. By K. N. Paffenholz. (Leningrad: VKT GGU NKTP-SSSR, [193-]). Photlithograph, color. Scale 1:100,000. Filed under Armenia -- Geology -- (193-) -- Paffenholz
Pre-World War II, Soviet-era geological map of Armenia's Lake Gokcha (Sevan). Indicates lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also depicts place names (in Russian); towns and villages; roads; copper and coal deposits; faults, thrusts, and dips; outcrops; stratigraphy; and relief by contour and spot heights. Keyed legend to rock type and features in Russian and English. Includes an inset of Armenia and a locational grid.
Skhematicheskaia Geomorfologicheskaia Karta Armianskoi SSR i prilezhashchikh chastei malogo Kavkaza. N. V. Dmitrashko (Yerevan: Instituta Geologichekikh Akademii Nauk Armianskoi SSSR, 1961). Offset lithograph, color. Scale not given. Filed under USSR -- Armenian SSR -- Geology (Surface geology) -- 1961 -- Akademia Nauk Armianskoy SSR
Detailed Soviet geomorphological map of Armenia and adjacent parts of the Lesser Caucasus from the early 1960s, compiled and published by the Armenian Academy of Sciences in Yerevan. Map illustrates geomorphology, but also depicts geology. Includes two main legends: the first and largest identifies land form types (mountains, plateaus, and plains) by color and geological nomenclature, in addition to forms, reliefs, and complexes by symbols; the second identifies lithology by color and geological nomenclature. Contains three insets: the newest scheme of techtonic structures (with a separate legend of lithology and features keyed by color, number, and/or symbol); a scheme of aged relief; and a scheme of authored minerals. Also includes four schematic geological-geomorphological profiles.
The division holds eight uncataloged maps depicting the geology of various parts of Russian Central Asia for the years 1925 to 1966, as well as three uncataloged geological maps of Kazakhstan for the period 1930s to 1963, one map of Uzbekistan from 1948, one of Turkmenistan from 1926, and one of Kyrgyzstan from 1932. Two are described below.
Geologicheskii Komitet. Geologicheskaia Karta Turkestanan. / Karte Comité Geologiqué. Carte Géologique du Turkestan. (Leningrad: Geologicheskii Komitet / Nauchno Tekhnicheskoe Upravl VSNKh, 1925). Colored map. Scale 1:1,680,000. Filed at USSR -- Soviet Central Asia -- Geology -- 1925 -- 1:1,680,000 -- Geologicheskii Komitet
Vivid geological map of Russian Turkestan composed by the Turkestanian division of the Geological Committee in the mid 1920s. Identifies lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also depicts rivers, lakes, and place names. Includes legend. Map title and legend in Russian and French. Explanatory text (in English) in pocket.
Geologicheskaia Karta Srednii Azii i Prilegaiushchikh Territorii. A. P. Markovskii. ([Moscow: VSEGEI, 1966). Colored map, four sheets. Scale 1:1,500,000. Filed under USSR -- Soviet Central Asia -- Geology -- 1966 -- Scale 1:1,500,000 -- A. Markovskii, and by unverified call number G7211 .C5 1966 .M3
Visually striking geological map of Soviet Central Asia by the Geological Ministry of the USSR from the mid 1960s. Map depicts lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature, as well as formations by symbols. Includes an extensive legend. Also includes a table of geological ages and rock formations. Also depicts inhabited settlements, rivers and lakes, and place names.
The division holds thirty-one uncataloged maps illustrating the geology of various regions in Siberia. The materials are arranged chronologically, and cover the period 1877 to 1964. Three of them, in addition to one informative item available as a digital image on the Library's website, are described below.
Geologicheskaia Karta Beregovoi Polosy Ozera Baikala Sostavlena na Osnovanii Izslydovanii 1877-80g. I. D. Cherskim' (Saint Petersburg: Imperatorskim' Russkim' Geograficheskim' Imperatoskim' S. Peterburgskim' Mineralogicheskim' Obshchestvami, [188-]). Colored map. Scale 1:640,000. Filed under USSR -- Siberia -- Geology (Lake Baikal) -- 1877-80 -- 1:640,000 -- Cherskim
Geological map of Lake Baikal's shoreline from a survey conducted in 1877-80. Map illustrates lithology by color and contacts by standard geological nomenclature, as well as heights and depths of various formations, lake depths, soil types, springs, place names along the shoreline, and ancient Mongolian monuments. Includes legend and text.
[Geology of Mines and Mining Concessions on the Lena River]. (Saint Petersburg: kartogr. zav. A. Il'ina, 1901). Colored map on four sheets. Scales vary. Filed under Russia -- Siberia -- Lena River Region -- Geology of the Gold Regions -- 1901 -- no author
Set of four maps illustrating the geology of gold mines and mining concessions in the vicinity of Siberia's Lena River. Map one depicts the Vecennii, Gatchinsk, Kamenistyi, and the Sophinski mines; map two depicts the Aleksander-Nevski, Nadezhdinski, and Feodosievski mines; map three the Aleksander-Nevski, Ekaterinski, Mikhailo-Archangel'ski, Nizhni, Opytnyi and Srednii mines; and map four the Georievski and Prokol'evski mines. Maps may include plans of the individual concessions, geological cross sections of the mines, a map of the overall location of the mining concessions, and an indexed list of mine names. Map four includes legend depicting lithology by symbol and color.
Geologicheskaia karta Sibiri i ee poleznye iskopaemyia. (Geological Map of Siberia and Its Useful Minerals.) (Saint Petersburg, Russia: Voine Topogr. Upravl. Glavogo Shtaba, 1905). Scale 1 inch = 40 versts // Scale 1 English inch = 100 versts. Original map at: National Library of Russia
A set consisting of two maps on nine sheets.
Mineralogical map on four sheets identifies locations of useful minerals in the southwest part of Tomsk Guberniia, the western part of Irkutsk Guberniia, the southwest part of Transbaikal Oblast, and the southwest part of Amur Oblast. Map depicts towns and settlements; place names; roads and railroads; rivers and lakes; and relief by shading. Includes an indexed table of minerals, goal veins, beds of coal and coal iron ore, sundry cultural features, and lines of fold and fractures.
Geological map on five sheets identifies major geological formations and useful minerals throughout Siberia. Map shows cities, towns, and settlements; place names; rivers; canals; telegraph and postal stations; forts; monasteries and shrines; mines and gold placers; and sands, tundra, and swamps. Includes three indexed tables: one identifying useful minerals; one identifying lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature; and one identifying cultural features. Original map at National Library of Russia, but available as an electronic resource through the LC website.
Geologicheskii Komitet. Geologicheskaia Karta Aziatskoi Chasti SSSR. 1925g. / Comité Géologique. Carte Géologique de la Partie Asiatique de l'URSS. 1925. (S.l.: Geological Committee, 1927). Colored map on seven sheets. Scale 1:4,200,000. Filed under Russia -- Siberia -- Geology -- 1925 -- 1:4,200,000 -- Russia Geologicheskii Komitet
1927 edition of a finely-drawn map on seven sheets illustrating Siberia's geology. Lithology indicated by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also shows rivers and place names. Text, legend, and compiler information in Russian and French.
The division holds three uncataloged maps depicting geology in Kamchatka Krai ranging from the early twentieth century to 1959, one depicting geology in Khabarovskii Krai from 1905, and seven maps in Sakhalin Oblast for the years 1906 to 1937.
There is a single uncataloged map illustrating the geology of Belarus from 1931.
There are eighteen uncataloged maps illustrating the geology of various regions of Ukraine for the years 1855 to 1963. One is described below.
Geologichesakaia Karta Donteskogo Kamennougol'nogo Basseina. (Petrograd: izdanie Geologicheskogo Komiteta, 1920). Colored map, mounted. Scale 1:420,000. Filed under USSR -- Ukraine -- Donets Basin region -- Geology -- 1920 -- 1:420,000 -- Geological Committee
Vivid geological map of the Donets Coal Basin from 1920. Map illustrates lithology, including coal bearing deposits, by color and standard geological nomenclature. Also shows railroads, settlements, rivers, and place names. Includes legend.
Gosudarstvennaia geologicheskaia karta Rossiiskoi Federatsii : masshtab 1:200 000. [Moskva]: Komitet Rossiiskoĭ Federatsii po geologii i ispolʹzovaniiu nedr, 1964- ). Scale 1:200,000. Filed under LC call number G7061.C5 s200 .R7
Modern set of large-scale set of geological maps of much of the former Soviet Union. Maps illustrate lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature; place names; and relief by contours and spot heights. Each sheet includes a legend, a stratigraphic column, notes, 1 or 2 geological cross-sections, adjacent-sheet index map, and compilation diagram; while some sheets also include a statistical table and a cross-section diagram. Each sheet identified by sheet number and name in upper margin, i.e. R-54-XXXV, XXXVI (Syagannakh) -- R-56-XV (r. Mal. Khomus-IUrakh) -- R-56-XXI, XXII (Mas-Tumustkh, nezhil.) -- R-56-XXIII [no name given]. Map editions variously dated from the 1960s through the 1990s. Set accompanied by a general legend.
Library's holdings are variable and incomplete, with coverage for about half of the country. A graphic index is housed with the collection and available for use in the reading room. Patrons are urged to contact Geography and Map Division staff to determine the extent of its holdings.
Geologicheskaia Karta Urala / Glavnoe geologicheskoe upravlenie. I. I. Gorskii. ([S.l.]: Kartograficheskaia Masterskaia GGU, 1939). Eight colored maps. Scale 1:500,000. Filed under LC call number G7062 .U7C5 s5000 .S6
Set of eight vibrantly-colored maps illustrating the geology of the Ural Mountains by the Chief Geological Administration of the People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry of the Union of SSR in the late 1930s. In addition to lithology the maps depict roads, railroads, place names, and relief by contours, spot heights, and gradient tints. Title in Russian and English. Maps do not include a legend denoting lithology.
Geologicheskaia Karta Lenskago Zolotonosnago Raiona / Carte Geologique de la Region Auriefere de la Lena. ([Saint Petersburg: Kartogr. zab. A. Il'ina, [19--]. Maps, colored. Scale 1:42,000. Filed under LC call number G7272 .L4C5 s42 .R8
Set of nine geological maps of gold bearing areas north of the Vitim River. Maps identify mines along various tributaries of the Vitim, in addition to settlements, place names, roads, and drainage. Maps include a geological cross section, as well as a legend indicating lithology by color and standard geological nomenclature. Some sheets are black-and-white photostats. Graphic index available with set.