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Russia and its Empire in Eurasia: Cartographic Resources in the Library of Congress


Creator unknown. [Karty pochtovykh soobshchenīĭ uchrezhdennykh v Rossīĭskoĭ Imperīi pri T︠S︡ari︠e︡ Aleksi︠e︡i︠e︡ Mikhailovichi︠e︡ i ego preemnikakh do Ekateriny II]..[186-?]. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.

The division holds a few uncataloged postal maps that depict rural postal delivery routes and postal stations. Those can include information on delivery frequency, as well as collection and distribution sites, but they can also include other features involved in mail delivery, such as railroads and railroad stations, ports, rivers, canals, and roads. They vary in quality and content. The map illustrated at right is the only one at this time listed on the Library of Congress online catalog, and is located under the search terms "Postal service Russia maps" and "Post roads Russia maps." The few remaining items, which are uncataloged, are described below.

Single Maps

There is a single uncataloged map indicating postal routes in Russia and the former Soviet Union, and it is from the early nineteenth century. A similar map, which is dated 1815 and from the collections of the Tomsk Oblast Museum of Regional History and Folklife, is available as a digital image through the Library of Congress website. Though the original is damaged, the image can be downloaded as high-resolution JPEG2000 and TIFF files.

There are three uncataloged maps indicating postal routes in European Russia from the years 1849 and 1934. One is described below.


Pochtovaia Karta Evropeiskoi i Aziatskoi Rossii C' Naznacheniem' stantsii i chisla verst' mezhdu onuymi Sostavlena po novyishim' svydeniiam' v' 1849 gody. (S.l.: Military Topographic Depot, 1849). Filed under Russia -- European Russia -- Postal Routes -- 1849 -- no scale -- Semenov

Postal map of Russia, compiled by Lieutenant Semenov of the topographic corps, showing postal routes and designated stations with distances between them noted in versts. Map depicts highways, as well as greater and lesser post roads; cities, towns, and villages; place names; and postal okrugs (districts). Includes a smaller postal map of Asiatic Russia with postal routes and designated stations with distances between them in versts. Includes insets of Saint Petersburg and its environs, Odessa, Moscow and its environs, Kiev, and Warsaw. Includes legend and an indexed table of postal okrugs and the headquarters of their postal inspectors.

The division holds six uncataloged maps depicting postal routes in Estonia for the period 1921 to 1932, and two uncataloged maps of postal routes in Lithuania from 1925 and the 1940s.

There are two uncataloged maps depicting postal routes in Moscow Oblast in 1930 and 1939. One is described below.


Skhematicheskaia Karta Pochtovoi Sviazi Moskovskoi Oblasti. ([Moscow]: Goskartogeodeziia, GUGK, 1930.). Map, uncolored. Scale 1:500,000. Filed under Russia -- RSFSR -- Moscow Oblast -- Postala -- 1930 -- 1:500,000 -- Goskart Geodeziya GUGK

Map depicting postal routes and postal communication centers in Moscow. Map shows postal-telegraph and telegraph-telephone stations; post office branches; staff and independent postal-telegraph and telegraph-telephone stations; independent and staffed post offices; post offices at train stations; railroads and train stations; horse-drawn routes; paved routes; highways; rivers and landings; raion centers; oblast and raion boundaries; and place names. Includes legend. Includes a list of the major postal delivery centers in Moscow. Includes an inset of Moscow.

There are two uncataloged maps indicating postal routes in Siberia dated 1831 and 1922, and both are described below.


General'naia Karta Aziatskoi Chasti Rossiskoi Imperii s' pokazaniem' Pochtovykh' dorog' i razstoiania v' verstakh' mezhdu gorodami. (Saint Petersburg: Voenno-Topografichesko Depo., 1831). Lithograph, hand-colored. Scale about 1 inch to 300 versts. Filed under Russia -- Siberia -- Postal Service ("General Map of the Asiatic Part . . .") -- 1831 -- 1 inch = 300 versts -- Military Topo. Dept.

Map of Siberia and the Russian Far East showing postal roads with distances in versts between cities. Depicts cities, towns, and villages; three levels of roads; place names; state, okrug, and gubernia boundaries; rivers; and relief by hachures.

Polni Posta Cekoslovenskych a Spojeneckych Voysk na Rusi -- Zorganisoval a ridil kapitan r. l. Antonin Novotny t.c. postovni reditel v Praze. (Prague: Planografie V. Riha, [1922]). Hectorgraph map. Scale not given. Currently not cataloged but filed in vault oversized.

Unique and highly-informative wall map titled in English "The Field Post of Czechoslovak and Allied Troops in Russia -- Organized and Managed by Captain Antonin Novotny, Postal Director in Prague." The map depicts the Czech Legion postal system at its maximum extent, largely following the Trans-Siberian Railway from its western termini, Syzran and Perm, to its eastern terminus at Vladivostok. It also depicts various postal stations along the route, indicating at each its nature and services. The map also includes numerous tables and charts regarding operations of the postal system, such as: the composition of the postal services' workforce and its military commendations; the system's total length of service routes; the total number of stamps printed; the amount of postal materials received by the service and the number of letters delivered in its three years of operation; the types of rail cars employed and other means of delivery; its revenue breakdown; and the destinations of letters sent. The map was drawn and printed in 1922 under the supervision of Antonin Novotny, who directed the Czech Legion postal system established for Czech troops caught fighting in Siberia, 1918-20, during the Russian Civil War. The Czech Legion postal system delivered newspapers, flyers, pamphlets, etc. often printed on trains and delivered to soldiers serving along the Trans-Siberian line, but also delivered personal letters and parcels, as well as official military communications, along the railway.