The Library of Congress holds thousands of collection materials about and from Spain. Curated by the Hispanic Division, this guide is part of a series of Country Guides that provide quick references for countries and regions from the Luso-Hispanic world. The Hispanic Division is the Library’s portal to the Caribbean, Latin America, Spain and Portugal; the indigenous cultures of those areas; and peoples throughout the world historically influenced by Luso-Hispanic heritage, including Latinos in the U.S. This guide offers links to diverse resources on Spain from across the Library including digitized primary sources, selected books and periodicals, online databases, and tips for searching. For specific questions or assistance using the Library’s resources, use the Ask a Librarian service to contact a reference librarian.
Official Name: Kingdom of Spain
Date of the de facto unification of Spain: January 20, 1479
Head of State/Government: Felipe VI (King), Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón (Prime Minister)
Population: 47,431,256 (2020 estimate)
Languages: Spanish (official), Aranese, Basque, Catalan, Valencian, and Galician.
Autonomous Communities: Andalusia, Catalonia, Community of Madrid, Valencian Community, Galicia, Castile and León, Basque Country, Castilla-La Mancha, Canary Islands, Region of Murcia, Aragon, Extremadura, Balearic Islands, Principality of Asturias, Chartered Community of Navarre, Cantabria, and La Rioja.