Treaty of Alliance with France: Primary Documents in American History
On February 6, 1778, the United States and France signed the Treaty of Alliance, creating a military alliance against Great Britain. This guide provides access to digital materials, links to external websites, and a print bibliography.
Ken Drexler, Reference Specialist, Researcher and Reference Services Division
Created: March 11, 2021
Last Updated: March 24, 2021
The Treaty of Alliance with France was signed on February 6, 1778, creating a military alliance between the United States and France against Great Britain. Negotiated by the American diplomats Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee, the Treaty of Alliance required that neither France nor the United States agree to a separate peace with Great Britain, and that American independence be a condition of any future peace agreement. In addition to the Treaty of Alliance, the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with France was signed on February 6, 1778, promoting trade and commercial ties between the two countries.