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The Trucking Industry: A Research Guide


While convenient, the use of acronyms in works that pertain to technology can present challenges for the reader. The acronyms listed in this section appear in the majority of works cited in this guide.


AAMVA American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
AASHTO American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials
ACS Crude Petroleum Extraction
ADS  Automated Driving System
AHFA American Highway Freight Association
AI Artificial Intelligence
AIM  Autonomous intersection management for semi-autonomous vehicles
ARBA American Road Builders’ Association
AT Autonomous Trucking
ATA American Trucking Association
ATRI American Transportation Research Institute
AVI Automatic Vehicle Identification
AVL Automated Vehicle Location
BCA Benefit-Cost Analysis
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics
BXA Bureau of Export Administration


CDL Commercial Driver’s License
CDLIS Commercial Driver’s License Information System
CMV Commercial Motor Vehicle
CTBS Center for Truck and Bus Safety
DOL Department of Labor
FAF Freight Analysis Framework
FAK Freight-All-Kinds
FARS Fatality Analysis Reporting Systems/Fatal Accident Reporting System
FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
FOB Free on Board
FOT Field Operational Test
GPS Global Positioning System
HAV Highly Automated Vehicles
HAZMAT Hazardous Materials
IEEE Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ITHS Intelligent Transportation Highway Systems
ITS Intelligent transportation systems
IVI Intelligent Vehicle Initiative
IVIS In-Vehicle Information Systems
IVHS Intelligent Vehicle Highway System


LCU Long Combination Vehicle
LADAR Laser Detection & Ranging
LDWS Lane Departure Warning System, Systems
LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging
LTCCS Large Truck Crash Causation Study
LTL Less Than Truck Load 
MACRS Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System
MCMIS Motor Carrier Management Information System
NASS National Automotive Sampling System
NHA National Highways Association
NHS National Highway System
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
NMFC National Motor Freight Classification
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board


O*NET Occupational Information Network
ODLD Opposite-Direction Lane Departure
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OOIDA  Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association
OSS Onboard Safety System
PAR Police Accident Report
PDO Property Damage Only
RCS Real-time Control Systems
RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration (USDOT)
ROIC Read-Out Integrated Circuit
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SDLD Same-Direction Lane Departure
SVRD Single-Vehicle Roadway Departure
TL Truckload
TRL Technology Readiness Level
TTC Time to collision
UGV Unmanned Ground Vehicle
USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation
VMT Vehicle Miles Traveled
WIOA Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act