U.S. Newspapers are found in physical formats such as original print or microfilm, or in digital format. A newspaper could be held in one format or all three, depending on the date of publication. Keep in mind that not every U.S. newspaper has been digitized and the Library of Congress does not hold a copy of every newspaper published. For more information, see the LC Collections Policy Statement for United States Newspapers.
Below is information on how to search the Library of Congress Online Catalog and the Library of Congress E-Resources Online Catalog. Be aware that most e-resources are limited to on-site access only. If you are unable to find what you need, please use our Ask A Librarian service, as reference staff also use printed resources and catalogs that are not found online.
Please note that unbound newspapers cannot be requested through the online catalog. All requests must be done in person in the Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room (NCPRR).
The Library of Congress Online Catalog is the main access point for the Library's collections Library of Congress collections contain over 162 million books, periodicals, manuscripts, maps, music, recordings, images, and electronic resources. The online catalog contains 17 million records describing these collections.
If you have a newspaper citation and want to check our physical holdings:
Need more help searching the Library of Congress Online Catalog? Check out Search/Browse Help.
If you know the location and time frame, but not the newspaper title:
Stumped about a term or number in the Library of Congress Online Catalog? Here's what you might find in a newspaper record:
|TERM OR NUMBER||WHAT IT MEANS|
|Current Issues Only||We keep print issues until they are reformatted (microfilmed or digitized). Certain dates not available if being reformatted. Also known as "CIO."|
|FT MEADE||We have bound volumes of original print issues located in off-site storage in Fort Meade, MD; these must be requested at least 3 days in advance of a visit to the NCPRR.|
|Microfilm||Scaled-down reproductions of newspapers on film to be viewed on a microfilm machine. Request using microfilm number.|
|Microprint/Micro-Opaque||Scaled-down reproductions of newspaper collection on cards to be viewed on a microfilm machine; most likely a Readex publication.|
|Np||Master or print negatives available for duplication via Duplication Services.|
|Only "Newspaper"||We may not have complete holdings; we usually keep print issues until reformatted (microfilmed or digitized); these may not be available if being reformatted.|
|Portfolio||A few single loose issues of original print newspapers stored in a large paper folder known as a portfolio. Call numbers generally have "X" at the end as an indication.
ex: "Newspaper 8829-X: portfolio"
|UNC||Unclassified call number. We likely do not have this title or it may be cataloged differently and appear in a different record.|
|4598 call number||Part of a collection of brittle titles that cannot be served.|
|7000 call numbers||The few issues with these call numbers are often our only holdings of these newspapers, although publication histories given near the beginning of catalog records provide a full date range. For example, our record for the Los Angeles Examiner gives the publication history of Vol 1, no. 1 (Dec.12, 1903) - Jan. 7, 1962, while we only have April 13 - 14, 1945 and two other issues. These few issues that we have are listed under "Item Availability" in the lower part of the record.
The Library of Congress E-Resources Online Catalog is a catalog for discovering and gaining access to electronic research tools (e-resources). The catalog includes licensed resources and free resources on the Web recommended by our reference staff.
If you have a newspaper citation and want to check our digital holdings: