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U.S. Trade Policy: A Research Guide


This page lists resources on trade measures, rules and regulations that affect imports into the United States.

Trade Facilitation Measures

Customs procedures and requirements

Import prohibitions, restrictions, and licenses

Import licensing

The product categories for which an import license is required are noted below along with the U.S. government agency that administers it.

Sanctions, Controls & Special Procedures

Trade Remedies and and Safeguard Measures

The U.S. Department of Commerce investigates if there is unfair trade in the form of dumping and subsidizing that result in a surge of imports that could cause a harm to the U.S. industry. The International Trade Commission (ITC) investigates whether injury has occurred and undertakes sunset reviews. As of September 2019 the U.S. had 499 Anti-dumping and Countervailing Duty orders in place against imports from 51 countries.

Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) Requirements

A number of departments and agencies have responsibility regarding human, animal and plant life and health related to the potential import of pests, diseases, disease carrying organisms, disease causing organisms and the risks from additives, contaminants, toxins, disease causing organisms in food, beverages and feedstuff.

Technical Regulations and Standards