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U.S. Trade Policy: A Research Guide

U.S. in the World Trade Organization

World Trade Organization. [Image of WTO flag from the] WTO Public Forum 2010. External September 16, 2010. Creative Commons. Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0). External

The United States of America has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) member since January 1, 1995 and a member of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) since January 1, 1948. The United States member profile on the WTO web site includes trade and tariff profile, trade policy reviews, regional trade agreements, dispute cases and more.

  • United States of America and the WTO
    This page gathers key information on the United States of America's participation in the WTO. The United States of America has been a WTO member since 1 January 1995 and  a member of GATT since 1 January 1948.

Negotiations

Information on the negotiation proposals that the United States has submitted to the WTO during the last round of negotiations, the Doha Round, and the U.S. participation in the various WTO committees is provided in the annual report of the U.S.Trade Representative to Congress.

Disputes

The WTO's Dispute Settlement page provides information about cases brought by the United States, and cases that United States has brought against other countries. As of September 20, 2019 the United States has brought 124 cases against other countries, and has had 155 cases brought against it.

  • Dispute Settlement (WTO) External
    Resolving trade disputes is one of the core activities of the WTO. A dispute arises when a member government believes another member government is violating an agreement or a commitment that it has made in the WTO. The WTO has one of the most active international dispute settlement mechanisms in the world. Since 1995, 595 disputes have been brought to the WTO and over 350 rulings have been issued.

Trade Policy Review

The United States participates in trade policy reviews (TPR) of other countries. Specific U.S. interests can be found by reviewing the summary of TPR meetings.

  • Trade Policy Reviews (WTO) External
    Surveillance of national trade policies is a fundamentally important activity running throughout the work of the WTO. At the centre of this work is the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). All WTO members are reviewed, the frequency of each country’s review varying according to its share of world trade.