This periodical was published from 1889-1896. Its purpose, according to the prospectus in the first issue, was to "advocate the adoption of some avocation by every woman whose time is not occupied in household duties. It will aim to help all those who are seeking employment to select the most fitting, and will try to stimulate those already employed to do their work in the best possible manner. It will also endeavor to suggest new fields of labor, hoping thus to prevent overcrowding and consequent reduction of salaries in others."
The Library of Congress has microform holdings of the periodical for the years 1893-1896, except October 1895-June 1896. The title is available electronically in full in the Gerritsen Collection of Aletta Jacobs through ProQuest. Note: this is a subscription resource available to onsite patrons or other subscribers.
The publication had a number of title changes, as follows:
Business woman's journal v. 1-4.
American woman's journal, the business woman's journal v. 5-6. American woman's journal v. 7-v. 8, no. 1. American woman's journal and business woman's journal v. 8, no. 2-v. 9. American woman's magazine and business journal v. 10, no. 1-2.
American woman's magazine v. 10, no. 3-v. 11, no. 4. American magazine v. 11, no. 5-8
Published from 1918-1919 by Woman in Industry Service established within the U.S. Department of Labor to address labor issues of women who replaced men during World War I. Women in Industry Service was given a permanent status in 1920 and renamed as the U.S. Women’s Bureau which continued publication of the Bulletin.
Some issues from the 1930s and 1940s are available online from FRASER External.
The goal of this Women's Bureau newsletter was to provide "assistance to State authorities, officials of labor organizations and women’s organizations, and others planning policies and developing programs to advance the welfare of women workers."--Mary Anderson, January 1938.
This publication is part of the Ladies’ Home Journal Girls’ Library. The author speaks in a familiar tone to “business girls” with advice about the details of the working world, specifics of working relationships in an office setting, and guidance for living well outside of work. Researchers interested in conventions and attitudes towards working women, “business girls”, at the turn of the twentieth century will find this publication informative.
Table of contents
Award winning, Angel Kwolek Folland, presents an engaging and unique survey of women in business running from the 1600s to the present day. Along the way, the reader is introduced to some of the women famous, infamous, and forgotten who have engaged in business throughout US history. This stimulating narrative challenges our expectations about both the history of women and the history of business as it focuses on the changing legal and social climate for women's economic activities though the centuries.
"Eleanor Roosevelt never wanted her husband to run for president. When he won, she . . . went on a national tour to crusade on behalf of women. She wrote a regular newspaper column. She became a champion of women's rights and of civil rights. And she decided to write a book."--Jill Lepore, from the Introduction "Women, whether subtly or vociferously, have always been a tremendous power in the destiny of the world," Eleanor Roosevelt wrote in It's Up to the Women, her book of advice to women of all ages on every aspect of life. Written at the height of the Great Depression, she called on women particularly to do their part--cutting costs where needed, spending reasonably, and taking personal responsibility for keeping the economy going. Whether it's the recommendation that working women take time for themselves in order to fully enjoy time spent with their families, recipes for cheap but wholesome home-cooked meals, or America's obligation to women as they take a leading role in the new social order, many of the opinions expressed here are as fresh as if they were written today.
Available online from FRASERExternal.
Provides statistical data on African American women in the labor force in mid-1960s. Includes statistics on education, occupation, family characteristics, poverty, employment, wages, etc.
As the twentieth century draws to an end, the changing role of women appears as one of the dominant features of the era. In Now Hiring, historian Julia Blackwelder traces the century-long evolution of the American occupational structure and the ensuing rise in demand for female workers through the closing episodes of the Industrial Revolution and the advent of postindustrialism. Decade by decade, she adroitly traces the main lines of the development of the female work force and its interactions with education, family life, and social convention while developing a nuanced analysis of the differential patterns for various ethnic, racial, age, and socioeconomic groups. Through vignettes of individual women, given context by statistical data that place them within larger patterns of work and family life, Blackwelder presents her arguments "with flesh on them." She offers a pioneering consideration of non-paid employment as part of the picture of women and work and incorporates an intriguing case study of the evolution of the Girl Scout organization. Her consideration of the interaction of race, class, gender, and economic forces in the evolving roles of working women--particularly since she weaves these issues into every discussion, rather than isolating them as afterthoughts--also makes an intellectual contribution to the field of women's studies. In her conclusion, Blackwelder summarizes the effects of a century of change in women's employment and delineates the social and economic challenges that will confront women and families of the twenty-first century.
First published in 1982, this pioneering work traces the transformation of "women's work" into wage labor in the United States, identifying the social, economic, and ideological forces that have shaped our expectations of what women do. Basing her observations upon the personal experience ofindividual American women set against the backdrop of American society, Alice Kessler-Harris examines the effects of class, ethnic and racial patterns, changing perceptions of wage work for women, and the relationship between wage-earning and family roles. In the 20th Anniversary Edition of thislandmark book, the author has updated the original and written a new Afterword.
Available online from Hathi Trust External
Based on the data from the U.S. Census Bureau this report takes a look at the increased labor participation by women and the changes in occupations women were engaged in from 1870 to 1940. It was published as Women's Bureau Bulletin, no. 218.
This pamphlet is part of the series “Public Affairs Pamphlets.” It provides some data on women employed in war-related industries and jobs. There are guidelines for employers looking to employ women, for example policies and procedures for childcare programs. Also included is detailed information about the women’s service auxiliaries (WAAC, WAVES, WAFS, SPARS, Women’s Reserve of the Marines, Army and Navy nurses) and qualifications for enlistment. Other industries such as agriculture are touched on. The final page is a list of further reading.
A classic since its original publication, Women Have Always Worked brought much-needed insight into the ways work has shaped female lives and sensibilities. Beginning in the colonial era, Alice Kessler-Harris looks at the public and private work spheres of diverse groups of women--housewives and trade unionists, immigrants and African Americans, professionals and menial laborers, and women from across the class spectrum. She delves into issues ranging from the gendered nature of the success ethic to the social activism and the meaning of citizenship for female wage workers. This second edition adds artwork and features significant updates. A new chapter by Kessler-Harris follows women into the early twenty-first century as they confront barriers of race, sex, and class to earn positions in the new information society.
This 1915 publication seeks to interpret the 1910 census data of over eight million “women working for gain in the United States.” The author provides answers to the questions who, what, why, and what next. The report includes demographic analysis, descriptions of working environments, and recommendations for the future.
Women in Business is an extensive collection of significant papers which explore the work of women in a wide range of businesses. The selection encompasses path-breaking articles covering all aspects of women's work in The Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia. Women in Business documents and evaluates the business activities of women from around the world who have contributed to the building of business institutions, industries and economies from the 11th to the late 20th centuries These volumes assemble for the first time an international collection of English-speaking articles from scholars in economics, psychology, literature, anthropology, history, management and industrial organization, that prepare a ground work for a gendered history of business.
This report analyzes the military situation in the throes of WWI to assess whether women were needed to work in industrial plants. The second section reports on a questionnaire that asks questions having to do with location, selection, and training of women; conditions—working, living, and social; the work to be done by women; hours, fatigue, and wages; existing laws; cooperation of the labor unions, women’s organizations, and the government. Available online at HathiTrust.